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Chapter 17: Vulnerability of coral reefs of the Great Barrier Reef to climate change

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Title: Chapter 17: Vulnerability of coral reefs of the Great Barrier Reef to climate change
Authors: Fabricius, K.E.
Hoegh-Guldberg, O.
Johnson, J.E.
McCook, L.J.
Lough, J.M.
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
Series/Report no.: Book: Climate change and the Great Barrier Reef: a vulnerability assessment
Abstract: The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) contains the most extensive coral reef ecosystem on earth. It consists of 2900 coral reefs and 900 coral cays that cover approximately 20,000 km2 of the total 345,000 km2 area of the GBR Marine Park. As a consequence of unusually high summer sea surface temperatures, between 42 to 60 percent of the reefs of the GBR experienced mass coral bleaching in 19988. Bleaching was also reported from 31 other nations around the world during 1997–1998. For example, about 50 percent of reefs in the Indian Ocean and south Asia lost much of their coral cover, and an estimated 16 percent of the world’s area of coral reefs was severely damaged. The event coincided with the strongest recorded El Niño-Southern Oscillation event (ENSO) and one of the warmest years on record.
ISBN: 9781876945619
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