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Title: Chapter 17: Vulnerability of coral reefs of the Great Barrier Reef to climate change
Authors: Fabricius, K.E.
Hoegh-Guldberg, O.
Johnson, J.E.
McCook, L.J.
Lough, J.M.
Corporate author: Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
Year of publication: 2007
Year: 2007
Publisher: The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
Place of publication: Townsville
Type of document: Book section or chapter
Abstract: The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) contains the most extensive coral reef ecosystem on earth. It consists of 2900 coral reefs and 900 coral cays that cover approximately 20,000 km2 of the total 345,000 km2 area of the GBR Marine Park. As a consequence of unusually high summer sea surface temperatures, between 42 to 60 percent of the reefs of the GBR experienced mass coral bleaching in 19988. Bleaching was also reported from 31 other nations around the world during 1997–1998. For example, about 50 percent of reefs in the Indian Ocean and south Asia lost much of their coral cover, and an estimated 16 percent of the world’s area of coral reefs was severely damaged. The event coincided with the strongest recorded El Niño-Southern Oscillation event (ENSO) and one of the warmest years on record.
ISBN: 9781876945619
Connection to GBRMPA: GBRMPA published this item
Subjects: Climatic changes
Coral reefs
Ecosystem resilience
Environmental management
Environmental impact
Economic values
Social values
Climate change
Coastal communities
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